HAL (Heuristically programmed ALgorithmic Computer) is an artificial intelligence, the sentient on-board computer of the spaceship Discovery in Arthur C. Clarke’s Space Odyssey saga.
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HAL is usually represented only as his television camera “eyes” that can be seen throughout the Discovery spaceship. In the book, HAL became operational on January 12, 1997 at the HAL Plant in Urbana, Illinois. His first instructor was Dr. Chandra (Mr. Langley in the movie). HAL is depicted as being capable not only of speech recognition, facial recognition, and natural language processing, but also lip reading, art appreciation, interpreting emotions, expressing emotions, reasoning, and chess, in addition to maintaining all systems on an interplanetary voyage.
The Shutting Down of HAL 9000